Pre Columbian Gold Exhibition Opens at the Faberge Museum

The Fabergé Museum presents the latest edition to its permanent collection, from July 16 showing almost 100 very rare and exquisite treasures of the ancient peoples of South America — the Aztecs, Incas, and Maya. These gold and jade jewelry items pre-date the arrival of Columbus in the Americas, and they will be seen in public for the first time ever. Audiences will certainly be enthralled by both their beauty and nearly one thousand-year history. The fabulous items once decorated royal courts, as well as temples.

These treasures, however, also recall some of the bloodiest pages of world history. The European thirst for gold in the early 16th century saw numerous expeditions set sail for the New World. The Spanish conquistadors were amazed by the wealth and splendour of the indigenous civilizations.
Through conquest and coercion, the Spanish amassed huge treasure troves – ranging from exquisite gold ritual ornaments to prosaic jewelry. Most were melted most of them down in bullion, and then shipped back to Europe. Pirates working in the service of the British, French, and Dutch kings often preyed on Spanish treasure ships; thus further scattering the treasure around Europe.

The items in the Fabergé Museum collection are among the small number still in existence in Europe. These include jewelry in the form of animals and mystical creatures with jingling balls inside, and an Aztec golden sun, brought from the New World to the palace of the Spanish viceroy in Brussels. There are also figurines of deities made of gold and jade, as well as various pendants and other masterpieces by South American goldsmiths. Of great interest will be a local deity made of Tumbaga alloy.

The methods of pre-Columbian jewelry making are described in the exhibition’s catalogue, which describes in great detail the history and art of these ancient civilizations. The book’s author, Professor Alexander Ivanov, the Fabergé Museum’s founder, hopes this book will increase our knowledge and understanding of these ancient cultures, and stimulate further research and inquiry into one of the least-known but greatest human civilizations.
Professor Ivanov purchased the collection in 2001 from the heirs of a recently-deceased collector in Amsterdam. That man had spent decades assembling the nearly 100 items, whose value today is estimated at about 70 million euros.

Image: Sun disc with frog

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