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Guggenheim Bilbao opens Stories of History

Guggenheim Bilbao presents Stories of History on view January 22–May 19, 2013.

Georg Baselitz, Mrs Lenin and the Nightingale, 2008. Oil on canvas; 16 paintings, 300 x 250 cm each.

The presentation Stories of History compares and contrasts two important works from the Guggenheim Museum Bilbao Collection, created by Cy Twombly and Georg Baselitz. Both are personal narratives that revisit historical figures from two chronologically distant periods, using a language charged with gesturality yet unrelated to the Expressionists.

In their praxis, Twombly and Baselitz are not like other contemporary artists who appropriate history in order to introduce new angles or reinterpretations of reality; as José Luis Brea described it, “The world of the latest things, now become image.” Ernst van Alphen also coined the term “new historiography” in reference to the tendency of many contemporary visual artists to modernize or update history and the past by putting inherited reality through a kind of “post-production” process, which means that the artist’s work ends up being that of a historian in the Benjaminian sense of the word. However, Twombly and Baselitz do not do “remakes” of historical events; instead, they present “stories” based on those facts, told from the artist’s point of view, in which their provocations are made within the artistic process rather than on the political stage.

Nine Discourses on Commodus
In the mid-1950s, when Twombly was working as a cryptographer for the U.S. Army, he developed his characteristic style of frenetic lines and stripes with clear ties to the predominant style at the time, Abstract Expressionism. After moving to Rome in 1957, the gestural freedom of Abstract Expressionism was tempered and limited by the weight of history. In the late 1950s and early ’60s Twombly produced a series of works that reveal his deep-seated fascination with the history of Italy and with classical mythology and literature.

Between 1962 and 1963, Cy Twombly’s paintings and historical references took on a much darker, distressing tone. This obvious shift in his oeuvre may have been a reflection of the pessimistic attitude that was prevalent in the early 1960s, haunted by the recent memory of the Cuban missile crisis and the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. In the pictorial series Nine Discourses on Commodus, the artist turned to historical murders for inspiration. Created in the winter of 1963, these nine works are based on the cruelty and madness of the Roman emperor Aurelius Commodus (161–192 AD) and his assassination. Conflict, opposition, and tension dominate the paintings’ composition. Two material spirals form the central core of each canvas, whose emotional content ranges from the most serene, cloud-like structures to bleeding wounds, culminating in a dramatic apotheosis on the final panel. This series exemplifies an angst-ridden yet brilliant stage in Twombly’s career.

Guggenheim Bilbao
Galleries 305, 306, 307
Abandoibarra et., 2–48001
Bilbao, Spain

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